May  2015 4
The Discovery and Transformation of a Hakka House: A Fieldwork Report
作者 黃賢強
Author Sin Kiong Wong
關鍵詞 潔養堂、梁碧如、南洋富商、圍龍屋、時代變遷
Keywords Jieyangtang, Liang Biru, Southeast Asian tycoon, Hakka House, Historical Transformation
摘要 本文為筆者七次考察梅州潔養堂的田野記錄,從中看出過去8年來這個客家圍龍屋的變遷。潔養堂的主人梁碧如年少離家到南洋謀生,白手起家,成為英屬馬來亞的鉅富和僑領。梁碧如逝世於南洋,但晚年在家鄉興建潔養堂,光宗耀祖。可惜時過境遷,家族沒落,後代子孫甚至不知梁碧如具體的輝煌事跡。經過這幾次的田野考察,筆者和受訪者都有很大的收穫,一部更完整的家族史雛形隱然呈現。潔養堂也從一座被冷落和忽略的圍龍屋,演變為當地的文物保護單位。
Abstract This is a fieldwork report about a Hakka Weilong House, Jieyangtang, which is located in Meizhou, Guangdong. The author discovered this Hakka house in 2006 and visited the Jieyangtang seven times in the last eight years. He has witnessed the transformation of the Hakka building from a neglected old house to a recognized piece of cultural heritage. The Jieyangtang was built by Liang Biru, a self-made tycoon in British Malaya, who built the gorgeous house in his hometown in the late nineteenth century to show off his wealth and fame. Unfortunately, Liang's family was purged and the building was confiscated and partly damaged during the People's Republic, especially in the Cultural Revolution in the mid-1960s. The fieldwork was of mutual benefit to both the author/researcher and the Liang's family, as the former received considerable original research materials, while the latter became more familiar with their glorious family history.


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