May  2015 4
Preservation and Rejuvenation of the Hakka Community Cultural Heritage in Jiadong Township, Pingtung County
作者 楊景謀
Author Ching-mou Yang
關鍵詞 佳冬、左堆、宗祠、伙房、古蹟、保存運動
Keywords Left Dui, Shrine, Huofang, Historic Site, Historic Preservation Movement
摘要 佳冬是臺灣客家移民的南境邊界,屬於高屏六堆的左堆,閩南及客家各占一半。由於佳冬客家人傳統上比較重視耕讀傳家,許多人出外讀書求取功名,60年代臺灣由農業社會轉型為工業社會時,所造成的人口外流的影響也比較小。相對來說保留較多傳統農業社會的生活型態,鄉內留有較多縣定古蹟,如蕭家祖屋、楊氏宗祠、西柵門等。另外,羅家、曾家及林家等為數不少的祖堂伙房也相當有名,擁有屏東縣「古蹟之鄉」的美稱。其中楊氏宗祠在1995年因為計畫道路的開闢完整遭到破壞,激發了搶救保存運動,也因此引發佳冬古蹟保護和社區活化的連鎖效應,復活了下六根庄人的文化意識與古蹟的潛藏力量。隨後楊家祖堂重建落成、募款搶救張家商樓成功及六堆詩人漫步路徑的誕生等,大幅開展原有歷史聚落氛圍,形成了結構緊密的客庄聚落人文景點。
Abstract Marking the southernmost boundary of Taiwan's Hakka immigrant settlements, Jiadong Township was geographically delineated as Left Dui (dui: an administrative division in Hakka communities, originally referring to “troop” and later to “settlement”) of the Liudui (six duis) area in Kaohsiung and Pingtung. The population of Jiadong is made up of half Hakka and half Minnan. Since Hakka people in the past valued agricultural cultivation and academic studies for clan prosperity, many people left their hometowns for further studies in search of opportunities to gain fame and fortune. Moreover, as Taiwan's agrarian economy gradually shifted to an industrial economy starting from 1967, the economic development that guaranteed newly-created jobs attracted the younger generation. The triggered population outflow caused the problem of aging villages. However, due to being less affected by social changes, the villages retained their traditional agricultural lifestyle. Thus, in addition to several county-designated historic sites, such as Hsiao Family Residence, Yang Clan Shrine and West Fence Gate, other historic sites, including the Luo's, Tseng's and Lin's Huofang (traditional Hakka house) were all well preserved, so Jiadong is praised as being home to historic sites in Pingtung County. Part of Yang Clan Shrine was harmed by the roadway development in 1995; this caused a wave of historic preservation. A knock-on effect of protection of Jiadong's historic sites and community revitalization then followed, thereby raising the old Liugen villagers' cultural awareness of historic site protection. This trend contributed to the reconstruction of the Yang Clan Shrine, the preservation of Zhang Family Business Building via fundraising, and the establishment of Liudui Poet Path, greatly transforming the traditional settlements into close-knit Hakka culture-rich villages.


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