May  2017 8
Fieldwork Notes on Hakka Museums in West Fujian
作者 劉堉珊、張維安
Author Yu-shan Liu and Wei-an Chang
關鍵詞 閩西、客家博物館、展示、論述
Keywords West Fujian, Hakka Museum, Exhibition, Discourse
摘要 通過博物館的建置來宣示(且詮釋)客家文化,是愈來愈被普遍運用的一種做法。中國閩西在客家文化的發展過程中,具有舉足輕重的位置,該區域中大規模的「土樓」遺留,不但使其透過申請世界文化遺產,一躍成為國際舞臺中受到矚目的客家文化代表,更成為閩西近年來致力發展其「客家特色」的重要動力,如,閩西近年來大量建置客家博物館的規劃中,即可看到這些博物館如何成為介紹與論述閩西客家文化的重要平臺。2016年8月15日到21日,筆者等一行人走訪了閩西的兩個客家學院與多個客家文化博物館,本文即是對此行所見之觀察與紀錄,期待從這些客家博物館對於客家文化的展示、詮釋與蒐藏,觀察並理解當代閩西客家文化的特色與論述邏輯。
Abstract This article is based on the authors' trip to the Hakka museums in West Fujian, from 15-21 August, 2016. In recent years, there has been increasing academic, ethnic and political interest in Hakka culture and history. Museums serve as an important medium to collect and display historical artefacts for public viewing. West Fujian is one of the areas that was considered by the Chinese discourse of Hakka as playing a key role in the development of the Hakka community. In this trip, we found that the museums in Fujian seemed to share a framework of discourse in explaining the origins, movements and cultural features of the Hakka people. This article thus tried to explore the roles played by these Hakka museums, in particular, their roles in (re)constructing what it means to be a Hakka and (re)producing images of ‘Hakka culture.'


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